Cambodia & Vietnam

Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline.

Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea known for its beaches, rivers, Buddhist pagodas and bustling cities.

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Country Profile

Cambodia

Population 15.6 million
Border Countries Vietnam, Laos, Thailand
Capital City Phnom Penh
Currency Cambodian riel
Language Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7%
Religion Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8%
Type of Government Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:17.7%
Life Expectancy 68.8 years
Infectious Diseases Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria
Top Killers Heart disease, tuberculosis, stroke
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 77.2%
Natural Resources Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc, tapioca), silk

Industry: tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Exports: clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear

Vietnam

Population 95.261 million
Border Countries Cambodia, Laos, China
Capital City Hanoi
Currency Vietnamese dong
Language Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favoured as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Religion Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8%
Type of Government Communist State
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:13.5%
Life Expectancy 76 years
Infectious Diseases Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)
Top Killers Stroke, heart disease
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 94.5%
Natural Resources Phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; pork; poultry; seafood.

Industry: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones.

Exports: clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery.

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