Cambodia & Vietnam

Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline.

Vietnam is a Southeast Asian country on the South China Sea known for its beaches, rivers, Buddhist pagodas and bustling cities.

Country Profile

Cambodia

Population 15.6 million
Border Countries Vietnam, Laos, Thailand
Capital City Phnom Penh
Currency Cambodian riel
Language Khmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7%
Religion Buddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8%
Type of Government Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:17.7%
Life Expectancy 68.8 years
Infectious Diseases Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, malaria
Top Killers Heart disease, tuberculosis, stroke
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 77.2%
Natural Resources Oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, cassava (manioc, tapioca), silk

Industry: tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Exports: clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear

Vietnam

Population 95.261 million
Border Countries Cambodia, Laos, China
Capital City Hanoi
Currency Vietnamese dong
Language Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favoured as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Religion Buddhist 7.9%, Catholic 6.6%, Hoa Hao 1.7%, Cao Dai 0.9%, Protestant 0.9%, Muslim 0.1%, none 81.8%
Type of Government Communist State
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:13.5%
Life Expectancy 76 years
Infectious Diseases Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhoea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis (2016)
Top Killers Stroke, heart disease
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 94.5%
Natural Resources Phosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower, arable land
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: rice, coffee, rubber, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; pork; poultry; seafood.

Industry: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, mobile phones.

Exports: clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery.