Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia.
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|Border Countries||China, India|
|Language||Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English
|Religion||Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2%|
|Type of Government||Federal Parliamentary Republic|
|% living in poverty||Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:25.2% (2010)|
|Life Expectancy||68 years|
|Infectious Diseases||Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever
|Top Killers||Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), heart disease, stroke|
|Literacy||Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 64.7%|
|Natural Resources||Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore|
|Main Industry/Export||Agriculture: Pulses, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat.
Industry: Tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production.
Exports: Clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, jute goods.