Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked central Himalayan country in South Asia.

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Country Profile

Population 29 million
Border Countries China, India
Capital City Kathmandu
Currency Nepalese rupee
Language Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.2%, Magar 3%, Bajjika 3%, Urdu 2.6%, Avadhi 1.9%, Limbu 1.3%, Gurung 1.2%, other 10.4%, unspecified 0.2%
note: 123 languages reported as mother tongue in 2011 national census; many in government and business also speak English
Religion Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%, unspecified 0.2%
Type of Government Federal Parliamentary Republic
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines:25.2% (2010)
Life Expectancy 68 years
Infectious Diseases Food or waterborne: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever
Top Killers Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), heart disease, stroke
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 64.7%
Natural Resources Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: Pulses, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat.

Industry: Tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production.

Exports: Clothing, pulses, carpets, textiles, juice, jute goods.

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