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|Border Countries||Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile|
|Language||Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, Aymara (official) 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, other native languages (includes a large number of minor Amazonian languages) 0.7%, other (includes foreign languages and sign language) 0.2%|
|Religion||Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, none 2.9%|
|Type of Government||Presidential Republic|
|% living in poverty||Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines: 21.8%
Population living on less than $10 per day: 60.7%
|Life Expectancy||74.8 years|
|Infectious Diseases||Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever.
Vectorborne disease: dengue fever, malaria, and Bartonellosis (Oroya fever)
|Top Killers||Lower respiratory infections, heart disease|
|Literacy||Adult Literacy (over 15 years) 94.5%|
|Natural Resources||Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas|
|Main Industry/Export||Agriculture: Artichokes, asparagus, avocados, blueberries, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, quinoa, palm oil, marigold, onion, wheat, dry beans; poultry, beef, pork, dairy products; guinea pigs; fish.
Industry: Mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture.
Exports: Copper, gold, lead, zinc, tin, iron ore, molybdenum, silver; crude petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas; coffee, asparagus and other vegetables, fruit, apparel and textiles, fishmeal, fish, chemicals, fabricated metal products and machinery, alloys.