Tonga

Tonga, officially the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian sovereign state and archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. It has a population of 100,651 people, of whom 70% reside on the main island of Tongatapu. Volunteer Build teams provide cyclone relief by building robust schools, homes and cyclone evacuation centres.

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Country Profile

Population 277,554
Border Countries South Pacific Ocean
Capital City Port Vila
Currency Vanuatu vatu
Language Local languages (more than 100) 63.2%, Bislama (official; creole) 33.7%, English (official) 2%, French (official) 0.6%, other 0.5%
Religion Protestant 70%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, customary beliefs 3.7% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 12.6%, none 1.1%, unspecified 0.2%
Type of Government Parliamentary republic
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines: 12.7% (2010)
Life Expectancy 72 years
Infectious Diseases Malaria, typhoid, dengue
Top Killers Heart disease, cerebrovascular disease
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 85.2%
Natural Resources Manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Main Industry/Export

Agriculture: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish

Industry: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

Exports: copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee

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