Vanuatu is a South Pacific Ocean nation made up of roughly 80 islands that stretch 1,300 kilometers. The islands offer scuba diving at coral reefs, underwater caverns and wrecks such as the WWII-era troopship SS President Coolidge. Harborside Port Vila, the nation’s capital and economic center, is on the island of Efate. The city is home to the Vanuatu National Museum, which explores the nation’s Melanesian culture.

Country Profile

Population 277,554
Border Countries South Pacific Ocean
Capital City Port Vila
Currency Vanuatu vatu
Language Local languages (more than 100) 63.2%, Bislama (official; creole) 33.7%, English (official) 2%, French (official) 0.6%, other 0.5%
Religion Protestant 70%, Roman Catholic 12.4%, customary beliefs 3.7% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 12.6%, none 1.1%, unspecified 0.2%
Type of Government Parliamentary republic
% living in poverty Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines: 12.7% (2010)
Life Expectancy 72 years
Infectious Diseases Malaria, typhoid, dengue
Top Killers Heart disease, cerebrovascular disease
Literacy Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) 85.2%
Natural Resources Manganese, hardwood forests, fish
Main Industry/Export Agriculture: copra, coconuts, cocoa, coffee, taro, yams, fruits, vegetables; beef; fish

Industry: food and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning

Exports: copra, beef, cocoa, timber, kava, coffee

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